Chocolate could be extinct within 30 years

Mars Snickers

Cacao plants grow in a "a narrow strip of rainforested land roughly 20 degrees north and south of the equator, where temperature, rain and humidity all stay relatively constant throughout the year", Business Insider says, and that land is especially sensitive to climate change.

For anyone with a sweet tooth, a chocolate is nothing less than a gift from God. Mars claims it can save the treat by creating genetically modified "super chocolate".

Half of the world's chocolate is now sourced from just two African countries: Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, and changes in the amount of rain and sunshine could make growing the plant in these regions unsustainable. Without such changes, cacao grown in the world's major cacao-producing areas will be forced uphill into new terrain or could die out.

President Donald Trump might not believe in global warming, but he might soon if he can't get another piece of "beautiful" chocolate cake - and that's a real possibility, according to scientists.

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Stockpiles of cocoa are decreasing, our current methods of farming aren't equipped to maintain production, and changes in the environment will make it even harder for plants to grow.

This has led the company to make a $1 billion pledge towards reducing its business and supply chain's carbon footprint by more than 60 percent, in a plan called "Sustainability in a Generation".

"There are obviously commitments the world is leaning into but, frankly, we don't think we're getting there fast enough collectively", Barry Parkin, Mars' chief sustainability officer, told Business Insider.

It all could come down to CRISPR, a tool developed by UC Berkeley geneticist Jennifer Doudna that lets scientists tinker with DNA strands to potentially alter anything from produce to people.

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The exploration lab she regulates at UC Berkeley is known as the Innovative Genomics Institute.

CRISPR-Cas9 works by finding pieces of DNA, snipping it out, and replacing it with altered DNA.

The team are also trying to tweak the DNA of cassava to make it produce less risky toxins in hotter weather.

This is obviously a big concern, particularly for people in the West, since the typical Western consumer eats an average of almost 286 chocolate bars a year.

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